Quickstart: Vue 3

Intro

This example provides the steps to build a simple user management app (from scratch!) using Supabase and Vue 3. It includes:

  • Supabase Database: a Postgres database for storing your user data.
  • Supabase Auth: users can sign in with magic links (no passwords, only email).
  • Supabase Storage: users can upload a photo.
  • Row Level Security: data is protected so that individuals can only access their own data.
  • Instant APIs: APIs will be automatically generated when you create your database tables.

By the end of this guide you'll have an app which allows users to login and update some basic profile details:

Supabase User Management example

Github

Whenever you get stuck at any point, take a look at this repo.

Project set up

Before we start building we're going to set up our Database and API. This is as simple as starting a new Project in Supabase and then creating a "schema" inside the database.

Create a project

  1. Go to app.supabase.io.
  2. Click on "New Project".
  3. Enter your project details.
  4. Wait for the new database to launch.

Set up the database schema

Now we are going to set up the database schema. We can use the "User Management Starter" quickstart in the SQL Editor, or you can just copy/paste the SQL from below and run it yourself.

1. Go to the "SQL" section.
2. Click "User Management Starter".
4. Click "Run".

Get the API Keys

Now that you've created some database tables, you are ready to insert data using the auto-generated API. We just need to get the URL and anon key from the API settings.

1. Go to the "Settings" section.
2. Click "API" in the sidebar.
3. Find your API URL in this page.
4. Find your "anon" and "service_role" keys on this page.

Building the App

Let's start building the Vue 3 app from scratch.

Initialize a Vue 3 app

We can quickly use Vite with Vue 3 Template to initialize an app called supabase-vue-3:

# npm 6.x
npm init @vitejs/app supabase-vue-3 --template vue
# npm 7+, extra double-dash is needed:
npm init @vitejs/app supabase-vue-3 -- --template vue
cd supabase-vue-3

Then let's install the only additional dependency: supabase-js

npm install @supabase/supabase-js

And finally we want to save the environment variables in a .env. All we need are the API URL and the anon key that you copied earlier.

.env
VITE_SUPABASE_URL=YOUR_SUPABASE_URL
VITE_SUPABASE_ANON_KEY=YOUR_SUPABASE_ANON_KEY

Now that we have the API credentials in place, let's create a helper file to initialize the Supabase client. These variables will be exposed on the browser, and that's completely fine since we have Row Level Security enabled on our Database.

src/supabase.js
import { createClient } from '@supabase/supabase-js'
const supabaseUrl = import.meta.env.VITE_SUPABASE_URL
const supabaseAnonKey = import.meta.env.VITE_SUPABASE_ANON_KEY
export const supabase = createClient(supabaseUrl, supabaseAnonKey)

And one optional step is to update the CSS file src/assets/main.css to make the app look nice. You can find the full contents of this file here.

src/main.js
import { createApp } from "vue"
import App from "./App.vue"
import "./assets/main.css"
createApp(App).mount("#app")

Set up a Login component

Let's set up a Vue component to manage logins and sign ups. We'll use Magic Links, so users can sign in with their email without using passwords.

/src/components/Auth.vue
<template>
<form class="row flex flex-center" @submit.prevent="handleLogin">
<div class="col-6 form-widget">
<h1 class="header">Supabase + Vue 3</h1>
<p class="description">Sign in via magic link with your email below</p>
<div>
<input
class="inputField"
type="email"
placeholder="Your email"
v-model="email"
/>
</div>
<div>
<input
type="submit"
class="button block"
:value="loading ? 'Loading' : 'Send magic link'"
:disabled="loading"
/>
</div>
</div>
</form>
</template>
<script>
import { ref } from "vue"
import { supabase } from "../supabase"
export default {
setup() {
const loading = ref(false)
const email = ref("")
const handleLogin = async () => {
try {
loading.value = true
const { error } = await supabase.auth.signIn({ email: email.value })
if (error) throw error
alert("Check your email for the login link!")
} catch (error) {
alert(error.error_description || error.message)
} finally {
loading.value = false
}
}
return {
loading,
email,
handleLogin,
}
},
}
</script>

User store

To access the user information in other places, we use reactive store. Create a new file called store.js and utilize Vue 3 reactive functionalities.

src/store.js
import { reactive } from "vue"
export const store = reactive({
user: {},
})

Account page

After a user is signed in we can allow them to edit their profile details and manage their account. Let's create a new component for that called Profile.vue.

src/components/Profile.vue
<template>
<form class="form-widget" @submit.prevent="updateProfile">
<div>
<label for="email">Email</label>
<input id="email" type="text" :value="store.user.email" disabled />
</div>
<div>
<label for="username">Name</label>
<input id="username" type="text" v-model="username" />
</div>
<div>
<label for="website">Website</label>
<input id="website" type="website" v-model="website" />
</div>
<div>
<input
type="submit"
class="button block primary"
:value="loading ? 'Loading ...' : 'Update'"
:disabled="loading"
/>
</div>
<div>
<button class="button block" @click="signOut" :disabled="loading">
Sign Out
</button>
</div>
</form>
</template>
<script>
import { supabase } from "../supabase"
import { store } from "../store"
import { onMounted, ref } from "vue"
export default {
setup() {
const loading = ref(true)
const username = ref("")
const website = ref("")
const avatar_url = ref("")
async function getProfile() {
try {
loading.value = true
store.user = supabase.auth.user()
let { data, error, status } = await supabase
.from("profiles")
.select(`username, website, avatar_url`)
.eq("id", store.user.id)
.single()
if (error && status !== 406) throw error
if (data) {
username.value = data.username
website.value = data.website
avatar_url.value = data.avatar_url
}
} catch (error) {
alert(error.message)
} finally {
loading.value = false
}
}
async function updateProfile() {
try {
loading.value = true
store.user = supabase.auth.user()
const updates = {
id: store.user.id,
username: username.value,
website: website.value,
avatar_url: avatar_url.value,
updated_at: new Date(),
}
let { error } = await supabase.from("profiles").upsert(updates, {
returning: "minimal", // Don't return the value after inserting
})
if (error) throw error
} catch (error) {
alert(error.message)
} finally {
loading.value = false
}
}
async function signOut() {
try {
loading.value = true
let { error } = await supabase.auth.signOut()
if (error) throw error
} catch (error) {
alert(error.message)
} finally {
loading.value = false
}
}
onMounted(() => {
getProfile()
})
return {
store,
loading,
username,
website,
avatar_url,
updateProfile,
signOut,
}
},
}
</script>

Launch!

Now that we have all the components in place, let's update App.vue:

src/App.vue
<template>
<div class="container" style="padding: 50px 0 100px 0">
<Profile v-if="store.user" />
<Auth v-else />
</div>
</template>
<script>
import { store } from "./store"
import { supabase } from "./supabase"
import Auth from "./components/Auth.vue"
import Profile from "./components/Profile.vue"
export default {
components: {
Auth,
Profile,
},
setup() {
store.user = supabase.auth.user()
supabase.auth.onAuthStateChange((_, session) => {
store.user = session.user
})
return {
store,
}
},
}
</script>

Once that's done, run this in a terminal window:

npm run dev

And then open the browser to localhost:3000 and you should see the completed app.

Supabase Vue 3

Bonus: Profile photos

Every Supabase project is configured with Storage for managing large files like photos and videos.

Create an upload widget

Let's create an avatar for the user so that they can upload a profile photo. We can start by creating a new component:

src/components/Avatar.vue
<template>
<div>
<img
v-if="src"
:src="src"
alt="Avatar"
class="avatar image"
:style="{ height: size, width: size }"
/>
<div
v-else
class="avatar no-image"
:style="{ height: size, width: size }"
/>
<div :style="{ width: size }">
<label class="button primary block" for="single">
{{ uploading ? "Uploading ..." : "Upload" }}
</label>
<input
style="visibility: hidden; position: absolute"
type="file"
id="single"
accept="image/*"
@change="uploadAvatar($event)"
:disabled="uploading"
/>
</div>
</div>
</template>
<script>
import { ref, toRefs, watch } from "vue"
import { supabase } from "../supabase"
export default {
props: {
path: String,
},
emits: ["upload", "update:path"],
setup(prop, { emit }) {
const { path } = toRefs(prop)
const size = ref("10em")
const uploading = ref(false)
const src = ref("")
const files = ref()
const downloadImage = async () => {
try {
const { data, error } = await supabase.storage
.from("avatars")
.download(path.value)
if (error) throw error
src.value = URL.createObjectURL(data)
} catch (error) {
console.error("Error downloading image: ", error.message)
}
}
const uploadAvatar = async (evt) => {
files.value = evt.target.files
try {
uploading.value = true
if (!files.value || files.value.length === 0) {
throw new Error("You must select an image to upload.")
}
const file = files.value[0]
const fileExt = file.name.split(".").pop()
const fileName = `${Math.random()}.${fileExt}`
const filePath = `${fileName}`
let { error: uploadError } = await supabase.storage
.from("avatars")
.upload(filePath, file)
if (uploadError) throw uploadError
emit("update:path", filePath)
emit("upload")
} catch (error) {
alert(error.message)
} finally {
uploading.value = false
}
}
watch(path, () => {
path.value ? downloadImage() : ""
})
return {
path,
size,
uploading,
src,
files,
uploadAvatar,
}
},
}
</script>

Add the new widget

And then we can add the widget to the Account page:

src/Profile.vue
<template>
<form class="form-widget" @submit.prevent="updateProfile">
<!-- Add to body -->
<Avatar v-model:path="avatar_url" @upload="updateProfile" />
<!-- Other form elements -->
</form>
</template>
<script>
// Import the new component
import Avatar from './Avatar.vue'
</script>

Next steps

At this stage you have a fully functional application!