GoTrue Auth Server

GoTrue is a small open-source API written in golang, that can act as a self-standing API service for handling user registration and authentication for JAM projects.

It's based on OAuth2 and JWT and will handle user signup, authentication and custom user data.

Configuration

You may configure GoTrue using either a configuration file named .env, environment variables, or a combination of both. Environment variables are prefixed with GOTRUE_, and will always have precedence over values provided via file.

Top-Level

GOTRUE_SITE_URL=https://example.netlify.com/

SITE_URL - string required

The base URL your site is located at. Currently used in combination with other settings to construct URLs used in emails.

OPERATOR_TOKEN - string Multi-instance mode only

The shared secret with an operator (usually Netlify) for this microservice. Used to verify requests have been proxied through the operator and the payload values can be trusted.

DISABLE_SIGNUP - bool

When signup is disabled the only way to create new users is through invites. Defaults to false, all signups enabled.

GOTRUE_RATE_LIMIT_HEADER - string

Header on which to rate limit the /token endpoint.

API

GOTRUE_API_HOST=localhost
PORT=9999

API_HOST - string

Hostname to listen on.

PORT (no prefix) / API_PORT - number

Port number to listen on. Defaults to 8081.

API_ENDPOINT - string Multi-instance mode only

Controls what endpoint Netlify can access this API on.

REQUEST_ID_HEADER - string

If you wish to inherit a request ID from the incoming request, specify the name in this value.

Database

GOTRUE_DB_DRIVER=mysql
DATABASE_URL=root@localhost/gotrue

DB_DRIVER - string required

Chooses what dialect of database you want. Must be mysql.

DATABASE_URL (no prefix) / DB_DATABASE_URL - string required

Connection string for the database.

DB_NAMESPACE - string

Adds a prefix to all table names.

Migrations Note

Migrations are not applied automatically, so you will need to run them after you've built gotrue.

  • If built locally: ./gotrue migrate
  • Using Docker: docker run --rm gotrue gotrue migrate

Logging

LOG_LEVEL=debug # available without GOTRUE prefix (exception)
GOTRUE_LOG_FILE=/var/log/go/gotrue.log

LOG_LEVEL - string

Controls what log levels are output. Choose from panic, fatal, error, warn, info, or debug. Defaults to info.

LOG_FILE - string

If you wish logs to be written to a file, set log_file to a valid file path.

JSON Web Tokens (JWT)

GOTRUE_JWT_SECRET=supersecretvalue
GOTRUE_JWT_EXP=3600
GOTRUE_JWT_AUD=netlify

JWT_SECRET - string required

The secret used to sign JWT tokens with.

JWT_EXP - number

How long tokens are valid for, in seconds. Defaults to 3600 (1 hour).

JWT_AUD - string

The default JWT audience. Use audiences to group users.

JWT_ADMIN_GROUP_NAME - string

The name of the admin group (if enabled). Defaults to admin.

JWT_DEFAULT_GROUP_NAME - string

The default group to assign all new users to.

External Authentication Providers

We support bitbucket, github, gitlab, and google for external authentication. Use the names as the keys underneath external to configure each separately.

GOTRUE_EXTERNAL_GITHUB_CLIENT_ID=myappclientid
GOTRUE_EXTERNAL_GITHUB_SECRET=clientsecretvaluessssh

No external providers are required, but you must provide the required values if you choose to enable any.

EXTERNAL_X_ENABLED - bool

Whether this external provider is enabled or not

EXTERNAL_X_CLIENT_ID - string required

The OAuth2 Client ID registered with the external provider.

EXTERNAL_X_SECRET - string required

The OAuth2 Client Secret provided by the external provider when you registered.

EXTERNAL_X_REDIRECT_URI - string required for gitlab

The URI a OAuth2 provider will redirect to with the code and state values.

EXTERNAL_X_URL - string

The base URL used for constructing the URLs to request authorization and access tokens. Used by gitlab only. Defaults to https://gitlab.com.

E-Mail

Sending email is not required, but highly recommended for password recovery. If enabled, you must provide the required values below.

GOTRUE_SMTP_HOST=smtp.mandrillapp.com
GOTRUE_SMTP_PORT=587
GOTRUE_SMTP_USER=smtp-delivery@example.com
GOTRUE_SMTP_PASS=correcthorsebatterystaple
GOTRUE_SMTP_ADMIN_EMAIL=support@example.com
GOTRUE_MAILER_SUBJECTS_CONFIRMATION="Please confirm"

SMTP_ADMIN_EMAIL - string required

The From email address for all emails sent.

SMTP_HOST - string required

The mail server hostname to send emails through.

SMTP_PORT - number required

The port number to connect to the mail server on.

SMTP_USER - string

If the mail server requires authentication, the username to use.

SMTP_PASS - string

If the mail server requires authentication, the password to use.

SMTP_MAX_FREQUENCY - number

Controls the minimum amount of time that must pass before sending another signup confirmation or password reset email. The value is the number of seconds. Defaults to 900 (15 minutes).

MAILER_AUTOCONFIRM - bool

If you do not require email confirmation, you may set this to true. Defaults to false.

MAILER_URLPATHS_INVITE - string

URL path to use in the user invite email. Defaults to /.

MAILER_URLPATHS_CONFIRMATION - string

URL path to use in the signup confirmation email. Defaults to /.

MAILER_URLPATHS_RECOVERY - string

URL path to use in the password reset email. Defaults to /.

MAILER_URLPATHS_EMAIL_CHANGE - string

URL path to use in the email change confirmation email. Defaults to /.

MAILER_SUBJECTS_INVITE - string

Email subject to use for user invite. Defaults to You have been invited.

MAILER_SUBJECTS_CONFIRMATION - string

Email subject to use for signup confirmation. Defaults to Confirm Your Signup.

MAILER_SUBJECTS_RECOVERY - string

Email subject to use for password reset. Defaults to Reset Your Password.

MAILER_SUBJECTS_MAGIC_LINK - string

Email subject to use for magic link email. Defaults to Your Magic Link.

MAILER_SUBJECTS_EMAIL_CHANGE - string

Email subject to use for email change confirmation. Defaults to Confirm Email Change.

MAILER_TEMPLATES_INVITE - string

URL path to an email template to use when inviting a user. SiteURL, Email, and ConfirmationURL variables are available.

Default Content (if template is unavailable):

<h2>You have been invited</h2>
<p>
You have been invited to create a user on {{ .SiteURL }}. Follow this link to accept the invite:
</p>
<p><a href="{{ .ConfirmationURL }}">Accept the invite</a></p>

MAILER_TEMPLATES_CONFIRMATION - string

URL path to an email template to use when confirming a signup. SiteURL, Email, and ConfirmationURL variables are available.

Default Content (if template is unavailable):

<h2>Confirm your signup</h2>
<p>Follow this link to confirm your user:</p>
<p><a href="{{ .ConfirmationURL }}">Confirm your mail</a></p>

MAILER_TEMPLATES_RECOVERY - string

URL path to an email template to use when resetting a password. SiteURL, Email, and ConfirmationURL variables are available.

Default Content (if template is unavailable):

<h2>Reset Password</h2>
<p>Follow this link to reset the password for your user:</p>
<p><a href="{{ .ConfirmationURL }}">Reset Password</a></p>

MAILER_TEMPLATES_MAGIC_LINK - string

URL path to an email template to use when sending magic link. SiteURL, Email, and ConfirmationURL variables are available.

Default Content (if template is unavailable):

<h2>Magic Link</h2>
<p>Follow this link to login:</p>
<p><a href="{{ .ConfirmationURL }}">Log In</a></p>

MAILER_TEMPLATES_EMAIL_CHANGE - string

URL path to an email template to use when confirming the change of an email address. SiteURL, Email, NewEmail, and ConfirmationURL variables are available.

Default Content (if template is unavailable):

<h2>Confirm Change of Email</h2>
<p>Follow this link to confirm the update of your email from {{ .Email }} to {{ .NewEmail }}:</p>
<p><a href="{{ .ConfirmationURL }}">Change Email</a></p>

Endpoints

GoTrue exposes the following endpoints:

GET /settings

Returns the publicly available settings for this gotrue instance.

{
"external": {
"bitbucket": true,
"github": true,
"gitlab": true,
"google": true
},
"disable_signup": false,
"autoconfirm": false
}

POST /signup

Register a new user with an email and password.

{
"email": "email@example.com",
"password": "secret"
}

Returns:

{
"id": "11111111-2222-3333-4444-5555555555555",
"email": "email@example.com",
"confirmation_sent_at": "2016-05-15T20:49:40.882805774-07:00",
"created_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"updated_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00"
}

POST /invite

Invites a new user with an email. This endpoint requires the service_role or supabase_admin JWT set as an Auth Bearer header:

e.g.

headers: {
"Authorization" : "Bearer eyJhbGciOiJI...M3A90LCkxxtX9oNP9KZO"
}
{
"email": "email@example.com"
}

Returns:

{
"id": "11111111-2222-3333-4444-5555555555555",
"email": "email@example.com",
"confirmation_sent_at": "2016-05-15T20:49:40.882805774-07:00",
"created_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"updated_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"invited_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00"
}

POST /verify

Verify a registration or a password recovery. Type can be signup or recovery or invite and the token is a token returned from either /signup or /recover.

{
"type": "signup",
"token": "confirmation-code-delivered-in-email"
}

password is required for signup verification if no existing password exists.

Returns:

{
"access_token": "jwt-token-representing-the-user",
"token_type": "bearer",
"expires_in": 3600,
"refresh_token": "a-refresh-token",
"type": "signup | recovery | invite"
}

GET /verify

Verify a registration or a password recovery. Type can be signup or recovery or magiclink or invite and the token is a token returned from either /signup or /recover or /magiclink.

query params:

{
"type": "signup",
"token": "confirmation-code-delivered-in-email"
}

User will be logged in and redirected to:

SITE_URL/#access_token=jwt-token-representing-the-user&token_type=bearer&expires_in=3600&refresh_token=a-refresh-token&type=invite

Your app should detect the query params in the fragment and use them to set the session (supabase-js does this automatically)

You can use the type param to redirect the user to a password set form in the case of invite or recovery, or show an account confirmed/welcome message in the case of signup, or direct them to some additional onboarding flow

POST /magiclink

Magic Link. Will deliver a link (e.g. /verify?type=magiclink&token=fgtyuf68ddqdaDd) to the user based on email address which they can use to redeem an access_token.

By default Magic Links can only be sent once every 60 seconds

{
"email": "email@example.com"
}

Returns:

{}

when clicked the magic link will redirect the user to <SITE_URL>#access_token=x&refresh_token=y&expires_in=z&token_type=bearer&type=magiclink (see /verify above)

POST /recover

Password recovery. Will deliver a password recovery mail to the user based on email address.

By default recovery links can only be sent once every 60 seconds

{
"email": "email@example.com"
}

Returns:

{}

POST /token

This is an OAuth2 endpoint that currently implements the password and refresh_token grant types

query params:

?grant_type=password

body:

{
"email": "name@domain.com",
"password": "somepassword"
}

or

query params:

grant_type=refresh_token

body:

{
"refresh_token": "a-refresh-token"
}

Once you have an access token, you can access the methods requiring authentication by settings the Authorization: Bearer YOUR_ACCESS_TOKEN_HERE header.

Returns:

{
"access_token": "jwt-token-representing-the-user",
"token_type": "bearer",
"expires_in": 3600,
"refresh_token": "a-refresh-token"
}

GET /user

Get the JSON object for the logged in user (requires authentication)

Returns:

{
"id": "11111111-2222-3333-4444-5555555555555",
"email": "email@example.com",
"confirmation_sent_at": "2016-05-15T20:49:40.882805774-07:00",
"created_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"updated_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00"
}

PUT /user

Update a user (Requires authentication). Apart from changing email/password, this method can be used to set custom user data.

{
"email": "new-email@example.com",
"password": "new-password",
"data": {
"key": "value",
"number": 10,
"admin": false
}
}

Returns:

{
"id": "11111111-2222-3333-4444-5555555555555",
"email": "email@example.com",
"confirmation_sent_at": "2016-05-15T20:49:40.882805774-07:00",
"created_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"updated_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00"
}

POST /admin/users

Creates a new user. Requires your service_role API key and thus should only be used in secure server-side environments.

{
"email": "new-email@example.com",
"password": "new-password",
"data": {
"key": "value",
"number": 10,
"admin": false
}
}

Returns:

{
"id": "11111111-2222-3333-4444-5555555555555",
"aud": "authenticated",
"role": "authenticated",
"email": "email@example.com",
"app_metadata": {
"provider": "email"
},
"user_metadata": null,
"created_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"updated_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00"
}

GET /admin/users/{user_id}

Gets a user. Requires your service_role API key and thus should only be used in secure server-side environments.

Returns:

{
"id": "11111111-2222-3333-4444-5555555555555",
"aud": "authenticated",
"role": "authenticated",
"email": "email@example.com",
"app_metadata": {
"provider": "email"
},
"user_metadata": {},
"created_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"updated_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00"
}

PUT /admin/users/{user_id}

Updates a user. Requires your service_role API key and thus should only be used in secure server-side environments.

{
"email": "email@example.com",
"password": "updated-password",
"data": {
"key": "updated-value",
"number": 10,
"admin": false
}
}

Returns:

{
"id": "11111111-2222-3333-4444-5555555555555",
"aud": "authenticated",
"role": "authenticated",
"email": "email@example.com",
"app_metadata": {
"provider": "email"
},
"user_metadata": {},
"created_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00",
"updated_at": "2016-05-15T19:53:12.368652374-07:00"
}

DELETE /admin/users/{user_id}

Deletes a user. Requires your service_role API key and thus should only be used in secure server-side environments.

POST /logout

Logout a user (Requires authentication).

This will revoke all refresh tokens for the user. Remember that the JWT tokens will still be valid for stateless auth until they expires.

GET /authorize

Get access_token from external oauth provider

query params:

provider=google | bitbucket | github | gitlab

Redirects to provider and then to /callback

GET /callback

External provider should redirect to here

Redirects to <GOTRUE_SITE_URL>#access_token=<access_token>&refresh_token=<refresh_token>&expires_in=3600&provider=<provider_name>

Pre-built